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The Typhoon class, Soviet designation Project 941 Akula (Russian: Акула, meaning "shark", NATO reporting name Typhoon), was a class of nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines designed and built by the Soviet Union for the Soviet Navy. Displacing 48,000 tons, the Typhoons were the largest submarines ever built and could provide comfortable living space for the 160 crew members after being submerged for several months. The source of the NATO reporting name remains unclear, although it is often claimed to be related to the use of the word "typhoon" ("тайфун") by Communist Party Secretary General Leonid Brezhnev in a 1974 speech while described a new type. of a nuclear ballistic missile submarine, in response to the US Navy's new Ohio-class submarine.

The Russian Navy canceled its Typhoon modernization program in March 2002, stating that modernizing one Typhoon would be as expensive as building 100 new Borei-class submarines. Three Typhoon class boats were decommissioned in the 1990s and scrapped in the 2000s, a further two were decommissioned in the 2000s and are currently inactive. With the announcement that Russia has eliminated the last R-39 Rif (SS-N-20 Sturgeon) SLBMs in September 2012, only one Typhoon remained in service, Dmitriy Donskoi, which was converted for testing purposes with the more modern RSM-56 Bulava SLBM . . She remained in service until February 2023, when she was decommissioned.